Medicine is the science and art of healing, scientific and practical activities aimed at the preservation and strengthening of health of people, recognition, treatment and prevention of diseases, prolongation of life.
Alternative medicine – definition and types.
Alternative medicine consists of a wide range of practices, products and therapies. A common feature is a statement about the ability to heal without.
Modern medicine uses the science of health, biomedical research, and medical technologies for the diagnosis and treatment of injury and disease, typically through medication or surgery, as well as through a variety of therapy – psychotherapy, applying splints and hoods, prosthetics, bioengineering, ion irradiation, and many others.
The word medicine is derived from the Latin ars medicina, meaning the art of healing.
The history of medicine.
Prehistoric medicine involves extensive use of plants (herbalism, herbalism), animal parts and natural minerals. Very often these materials were used by shamans, priests, medicine men, as a magical substance for the implementation of rituals. Continue reading
In the last decades all over the world are intensively developing scientific-practical direction “medicine” associated with the provision of emergency medical care (EMC) at the same time a large number of affected. Emergency medicine is an integral part of emergency response in extreme situations.
The world community’s experience in the management of emergency medical forces emergency organization of the Federal and regional levels of governance and their interaction is of considerable interest.
Rapid response systems for emergencies were established in various countries after a series of major chemical accidents (Bhopal, India — 1984; G. Seveso, Italy — 1975; G. Habbestad, UK — 1984, etc.). In the United States since the second half of 80-ies. the environment Agency conducts intensive work to create rapid response systems for chemical accidents. In Europe in 1987 by the UN Commission on the protection of the environment — UNEP (United Nations Environment Programme) — began the implementation of the project APELL (Awareness and Preparedness for Emergencies at the Local Level). APELL provides guidelines for raising awareness of local public about potentially hazardous enterprises and is designed to prepare coordinated plans for responding to emergencies. It is a system of actions during industrial accidents.
In the United States at the state level for development of measures and determining overall policy for the prevention and elimination of consequences of catastrophes and natural disasters is multiple departments, reporting directly to the President. Continue reading
If medical assistance is the security of citizens in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation of necessary medications and medical products. In accordance with clause 9 of Instructions to prisoners applies, and Territorial health care program, which includes: a) the list of diseases and types of medical care provided to citizens free, at the expense of the consolidated budget of the RF subject and the territorial funds of the compulsory health insurance Fund; b) the terms of medical care, including waiting periods of medical care provided in a planned manner; C) the exercise of the right of extraordinary rendering of medical aid to separate categories of citizens in health institutions of the subject of the Russian Federation and municipal entities; d) the lists of vital and essential medicines and medical products required for the provision of emergency, acute and hospital care; d) list of medicines supplied to the population in accordance with the list of population groups and disease categories for outpatient treatment which medicines and products of medical appointment are released on recipes of doctors free of charge, and in accordance with the list of groups in outpatient treatment which medicines are released on recipes of doctors with 50-a percentage discount from free prices; e) the list of medical institutions participating in the implementation of the territorial program of state guarantees. Therefore, if the primary free health care does not cover existing illness of the convicted person, it does not mean that the disease is not included in the territorial program of care in a given area or region. Continue reading