THE EMERGENCE AND DEVELOPMENT OF MILITARY MEDICINE.
Military medicine theory and practice of health care (medical support) of the armed forces in peacetime and wartime. It is a system of scientific knowledge and practical activities, which aim the strengthening and preservation of health of personnel of the Armed Forces, prevention and treatment of diseases and during wars and also military defeats, which ultimately aimed at maintaining a sufficient level of combat readiness and combat capability of the troops.
The necessary base. ensure the development of the theory and improving the practice of healthcare armed forces is a military medical organization. which is represented by specifically designed for this purpose forces and means, United in the armed forces in a specialized system based on certain principle and rules of the military medical service.
The theoretical basis of military medicine is primarily medical science. However, spetsificheskaya life and activities of the troops, the originality of the pathology of combat injuries and diseases in the war, and especially the organizational structure of the armed forces and their combat use doesn’t allow transfers in the military medical practice of regulations and rules adopted in the civilian health care. Therefore, at a certain stage of development of the armed forces has given rise to a legitimate need for such methods their medical care, which would be consistent with the organizational principles of building the armed forces and would be most effective in a combat situation. Continue reading
Acute disorders of cerebral circulation.
To acute disorders of cerebral circulation (cerebral vascular accident) are occurring acute cerebral lesion of vascular origin, characterized by meningeal, cerebral and focal symptoms or their combination. Depending on the duration of persistent neurological deficits distinguish transient disorders of cerebral circulation and strokes. Risk factors of stroke are genetically predisposed to diseases of the cardiovascular system, dislipoproteinemia, hypertension, diabetes, overweight, frequent emotional stresses. Stroke flowing on the type of acute cerebral ischemia are a result of the mismatch between the needs of the brain of oxygen and energy substrates delivered by the blood, and a sharp decrease in cerebral perfusion. The basis of stroke hemorrhagic is a breach of the integrity of the vascular wall and penetration of blood in the brain tissue, the ventricles or under the membranes.
Classification. Acute disorders.
Pnmk (transient violation of cerebral blood flow.
Stroke (acute cerebrovascular blood flow.
CEREBRAL syndrome, including depression of consciousness, headache, nausea and vomiting, sense of faintness is not vestibular vertigo and less generalized convulsions, reflects the degree of violation functionsthe of the brain. Continue reading
While obviously fatal wound the unfortunate helped to die. French officer PON de Combe in the battle of Borodino saw the Polish officer: Exploding grenade cut his spine and his side, this terrible wound, it seemed, was caused by the sharp scythe . The pole begged me to finish it. De Combe was unable to fulfill the request of the wounded man, but gave him a gun. I have noticed, with what wild joy he seized the gun, and I was still at a distance of croup of the horse, he shot himself in the forehead.
Abraham Norov, the chronicler of the war of 1812, and during her seventeen-year artillery cadet, recalled another episode of the battle of Borodino: Fell at my feet one of the Rangers. With horror I saw that he had ripped off all over the face and frontal bone, and he clutched his convulsing brain. Shall I pin? told me standing near me Bombardier . Norov ordered to drag the soldier into the bushes order to finish off apparently young didn’t have the guts. (After a while most Norov-a severed foot.
In addition to wounds, and contusions. Baron de Marbo describes how at the battle of Eylau – tore the rear corner of his hat (dressed up like every aide in the nose forward): the Blow was the more terrible,that my hat was kept on a sturdy leather chinstrap. I was absolutely stunned. Continue reading