blood

Infections

Infections are the result of invasion into the body of pathogens and the reaction of body tissues to these pathogens and their toxins. Only a small part of the many thousands of microorganisms existing in nature and is known to the present day, are pathogenic for humans. Other microbes living in the body, constitute the normal microflora, and their existence provides a natural resistance of the organism to pathogenic strains.

Infections continue to be a significant challenge of modern surgery in the same as it was in the past. The creation of new and more powerful antibiotics entails the emergence of new strains resistant to them pathogens.

Nosocomial infections are those which are passed previously infected patient due to hospital acquired infection. Such hospital-acquired infections can be caused particularly by the resident microorganisms as they exist in hospital acquired environment applications of broad-spectrum antibiotics. Among hospital-acquired staphylococcal infections remains one of the most frequent.

About autoinfection say in those cases when the agent becomes the germ pre-existing in the organism as a saprophyte. Alternative autoinfection is secondary iatrogenic infection related to, for example, with manipulation of a doctor or nurse, as the installation of bladder or winsniffer. Continue reading

Skin diseases.

Skin is the outer covering of the human body and goes into the mucosa.

shell in places of natural holes. The area of the skin depends on growth.

the weight and age of the person and an average of from 1.7 to 2.6 m2 Skin.

protects the body from damage, keeps it fluid and prevents.

the penetration of harmful substances and many infections. The skin and the nervous.

cells originate from the same germ layer, so the skin.

so rich in nerve endings and is associated with all organs of the body. Connection.

this is bilateral. On the one hand, as psgo of the body I.

individual bodies of neposredstvenno reflected on the skin, which makes it.

mirror of health. On the other hand, certain effects on the skin.

(physical exercise, massage, compresses, acupuncture, etc.) help.

to cure many diseases and strengthen the body.

The skin is full of sensitive elements – receptors sensing. Continue reading

INFECTIOUS DISEASES

Infectious disease prevalent worldwide caused by various microorganisms. “Infectious” disease known since ancient times, information about them can be found in the most ancient monuments of writing in the Indian Vedas, Ancient China and Ancient Egypt. Descriptions of some infectious diseases, such as dysentery, tetanus, erysipelas, anthrax, viral hepatitis, etc. can be detected in the writings of Hippocrates (460-377 BC). In the Russian Chronicles of the infection, described under the name of epidemic, endemic morovich diseases, emphasizing the main feature – mass, high lethality and rapid prevalence among the population. Described devastating epidemics and pandemics of infectious diseases. It is known that in the Middle ages was raging plague (“black death”), which died out a third of Europe’s population, and around the world from the plague in the fourteenth century killed more than 50 million people. During the First world war was the influenza pandemic (“Spanish flu”), which affected 500 million people, 20 million of them died. For a long time about the cause of infectious diseases were not known, believed that these diseases arise in connection with the “miasma” – poisonous exhalations of air. This teaching in the sixteenth century gave way to the doctrine of “contagia” (Trekstore).Infectious diseases – a large group of human diseases arising from effects on the body of viruses, bacteria and protozoa. They develop in the interaction of two independent biological systems of microorganism and of microorganism in the conditions of influence of external environment, and each of them has its specific biological activity. Continue reading

THE TREATMENT OF SKIN DISEASES.
What are the General principles of treatment of skin diseases. Treatment of patients should be complex and individual. Common drug therapy includes use of antibiotics, psychotropic, antiallergic drugs, hormones and…

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Rules of forensic medical examination of the corpse.
FORENSIC EXAMINATION OF THE CORPSE. 1. The basic provisions on the appointment and organization of forensic medical examination of the corpse. 1.1. A forensic examination of the corpse shall be…

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Military medicine during the aftermath of the disaster.
The reactor not only a source of electricity, but also its consumer. Yet from the active zone of the reactor is discharged nuclear fuel, it is necessary to continuously circulate…

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