The Coxsackie virus.
Coxsackie virus (eng. Coxsackievirus) is a multiple of infectious enteroviruses, which breed well in the stomach and intestines of humans. The virus infection was first discovered in the small town of Coxsackie in the United States. Doctors are known to 30 varieties of Coxsackie virus, which belong to three groups of human enteroviruses: A, b and C. the Coxsackie Virus provokes one of the main causes of aseptic meningitis.
Symptoms and signs of the Coxsackie virus in children and adults, treatment and prevention, as well as the effects of disease on human.
Infectious diseases of the oral cavity, hands and feet, which are called by one group of Coxsackie viruses. Coxsackie virus was named because of the little sores that develop on the extremities and mouth of the person. In children is a common phenomenon, which had not yet turned 10 years old, although adults also get sick with Coxsackie virus. Below You will learn more about the degrees of transmissibility of the infection, symptoms and complications, prevention and treatment of Coxsackie virus.
How can a person pick up the Coxsackie virus.
The virus is very contagious and can easily spread from person to person: when you cough or due to contact with urine, saliva or blood. The most contagious period is the first day to get acquainted with the first symptoms of Coxsackie, therefore, to avoid infection difficult.
Often, the Coxsackie virus appears in kindergarten, so the hygiene of the child plays an important role in prophylactically. To avoid the spread of infection, often you need to wash hands with soap and water, especially after walking in public areas.
Symptoms of Coxsackie virus in children.
Symptoms of infection with Coxsackie virus: small tears, as ulcers, in the mouth of a baby, and several can be seen on the hands and feet. Possible spread of infections throughout the toe area and on the genitals. Infectious abscesses in the oral cavity will cause terrible discomfort, such as feeling unwell, fever, pain in the throat may be sore and we’ll probably have a fever for two or three days, which will only worsen the case of power. In children virus symptom Coxsackie manifest themselves for two or three days.
Coxsackie virus in children.
Certainly parents are reluctant to call the doctor at the first sign of the virus, although he will not be able to do much. To treat the Coxsackie virus in children with antibiotics not because it’s an infectious disease.
But the doctor will examine the child and confirm it is the disease or not. Also advise how to recover from infection and give tips on caring for ill children. Take the child to the virologist, if you do not know how to treat Coxsackie. At a temperature of 38 degrees Celsius and over the age of three months should see a doctor if the fever does not decrease within two days.
The doctor may need re-testing for the presence of Coxsackie virus in the body. This is uncommon, but sometimes in children the disease additionally inflamed. Signs of contagious infection is dehydration when a child refuses to swallow because of the pain in the throat. If your infant rejects food or water, then moisten the nipples more than usual and call the doctor.
How to care for children sick with Coxsackie virus.
Children need three to five days to feel better after infection with Coxsackie virus, and already in about a week, will disappear, all spots to one. At the same time there are things that can be taken to help the child feel comfortable.
Children’s paracetamol and ibuprofen will help reduce pain and to reduce fever during the virus. Give medication if the child is older than two months. Ibuprofen can be given from three months and weight more than 5 kg., Check the user manual of the drug on the package or ask your physician or pharmacist help to determine the doses of drugs from Coxsackie. Gel for teething pain relief in the mouth. Apply a little gel on the gums, tongue and mucous membranes on the inner sides of the cheeks, everywhere will notice the sores. Don’t let the baby adult drugs to care for the oral cavity.
How contagious Coxsackie virus.
The answer to the question: Yes, anyone can easily pick up the virus.
Coxsackie virus during pregnancy.
Adults often have immunity to the virus, and even if they pick up the infection, the disease passes without complications. However, if a woman is pregnant there is a small risk of bad luck that infect Coxsackie.
If a pregnant woman had contracted the Coxsackie virus in the third semester, there is a chance that she will transmit the infection to the fetus. But not to worry, because even if the child is born with symptoms of infectious disease should occur easily and quickly. Pregnant women should avoid people with the slightest signs of the virus. If a woman was in contact with the infected, should be thoroughly disinfected all areas of the body (especially the hands.
Coxsackie virus in adults.
The virus is most common in children and manifests as rashes and flaking of the skin. However, the risk of infection Coxsackie is not excluded in adulthood and can lead to many other problems. Symptoms of the infection in adults are different and this can be explained by several reasons.
There are about 29 different species, which belong to the class Koksaki . If a person type of virus And is likely to occur only rash and redness of the skin, but if faced with the type At all can be much more serious. Disease hand, foot and mouth manifests itself in very different degrees and below we provide just a few examples from a very long list.
Symptoms of the virus.
Coxsackie virus is often accompanied by fever. Asymptomatic manifestation of infectious disease is also possible and its frequency is 9 times out of 10. Rarely, the virus can result in more severe forms of disease, such as meningitis, encephalitis, paralysis, myocarditis, pericarditis, diabetes, infectious mononucleosis, rash or peeling on the body with damaged skin, etc.
Coxsackie virus in Turkey.
The last time often you can hear that on arrival at the vacation in Turkey, children pick up the Coxsackie b virus. And the most unpleasant is the fact that the parents are not able to prove that the child upon arrival in a foreign country was not infected with a virus.
Prevention of Coxsackie virus in the resorts of Turkey.
Particular attention to.
Drinking water (and also in the pool where the baby is floating may swallow.
Food ( extreme heat is not conducive to long-term storage of food.
Protect children from sun and heat strokes.
IMPORTANT: do not confuse the symptoms of a stomach virus (rotavirus) with signs of a cold.
Diseases that can be caused due to viral infection of Coxsackie.
Inflammation of the meninges.
Symptoms: fever, chills, headache, nausea and vomiting, neck pain, light sensitivity, seizures, etc.
Inflammation of the brain.
Unusual manifestations of Coxsackie virus infection.
Symptoms: meningitis and other neurological diseases.
Rarely, Coxsackie virus infection can lead to paralysis. But, as a rule, should pass with time.
Inflammation of the SAC covering the heart.
Symptoms: sharp chest pain, shortness of breath, fever, weakness, swelling in the legs, etc.
Inflammation of the heart muscle.
Can lead to heart failure and even death.
Symptoms: Shortness of breath, chest pain, poor endurance during physical stress, fever, swelling in the legs, etc.
Type I diabetes.
When the disease Coxsackie virus is believed to provoke the occurrence of type I diabetes (insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus, most often affects young children). Damages the cells that produce insulin in the pancreas that leads to diabetes.
Rashes and skin irritation.
Often seen in the younger age categories, but it is also possible that adults can deal with such a virus. The symptoms of Coxsackie disease of the throat, fever, rash with vesicular lesions of the feet and hands that then can even lead to bleeding.
Most often herpetic angina affects children aged 3-10 years. Very rare in adults. Symptoms: disease of the throat, pain when swallowing, ulcers in the mouth and throat, fever, headache.
Inflammation of the muscles of the chest that leads to sudden chest pain and upper abdomen.
Inflammation of the eye shell.
Symptoms: Pain and swelling of the eyelids, redness of the eyes, headache.
Inflammation of the liver.
Symptoms: fever, anorexia, malaise, jaundice. nausea and vomiting, weakness, etc.
Infectious Coxsackie virus and immunosuppression.
Symptoms of Coxsackie virus arise because of a dysfunction of the immune system. In addition, heavy treatment process lasts longer than in people who do not experience problems with the immune system. Immune system dysfunction can occur due to diabetes mellitus, organ transplantation, chemotherapy during AIDS, cancer, etc.
How to treat Coxsackie virus in adults.
Treatment of the virus is mainly symptomatic and supportive. No specific drugs and in the pharmacy against Coxsackie will not find but if to diagnose the problem comprehensively, you can easily find a number of effective medications. First of all, do not forget about the rules of personal hygiene (washing hands with soap after using the toilet, streets, Pets, and even your computer, especially before eating ), to minimize the chances of spreading the infection to other people.
Dehydration should drink the amount of water which is needed by the human body. In this case more or less can only hurt. To treat Coxsackie virus in other ways, which depend on the diagnosis of symptoms (painkillers for pain, saline rinses with warm water during angina. antibiotics or antipyretics, such as acetaminophen, if you have a fever, etc.
Prevention of Coxsackie virus adults and ways of transmission.
It is easier to catch the virus if the person eats something stale, poorly washed. There is also the option of Contracting Coxsackie airborne. So, above mentioned, maintaining personal hygiene is of paramount importance. Hands should be washed often, both healthy and already sick people.