The concept of military and extreme medicine.
Description: the Necessary framework to ensure the development of the theory and improving the practice of healthcare armed forces is saannollisesti organization which is represented by specifically designed for this purpose forces and means of the United Armed Forces in specialized system working on the basis of certain principles and rules saannollisessa service. Consequently in your formation and development of military medicine is based not only on the General provisions medical but also in lesser degree, and military science. However.
Military medicine is defined as the theory and practice of health care (medical support) Voor have located the Forces in peacetime and wartime.
Theory of healthcare Armed Forces is a collection of scientific knowledge about the impact of the conditions of military labor servicemen and techniques to enhance their health, about the peculiarities of appearance and flow of combat diseases. lesions and other pathology ical States military personnel and their prevention and treatment, including principles and special (medical) methods of protection from military defeats, the organization of copper ciscosecure of troops in various circumstances in peacetime and wartime.
The practice of public health, armed forces and implementation of the systems and methods of medical of acquiring the troops in their daily activities in peace and war.
Medical support is defined as the complex of organizational, sanitary-hygienic, anti-epidemic and preventive. and in time of war – medical-and-evacuation activities of the enterprises, pressed have ing the goal of preserving, enhancing and restoring personal health component, including the VA troops.
The necessary framework for the development of theory and improvement of health of the armed forces,. t Xia military medical organization, which is represented by specifically designed for this purpose forces and means. the United Armed Forces in a special lysed system, working on the basis of certain principles and rules of the military medical service.
The theoretical basis of military medicine is primarily medical science. But the special f-diffraction conditions of life and activities of personnel in the armed forces, soobra of the diversity of pathologies military injuries and diseases in the war. and especially the General term force structure and methods of their combat use doesn’t allow us to endure military-medical th practice provisions adopted in the civilian health care. Therefore, at a certain stage of development of the armed forces arose the need to find such methods IU medical support. in accordance with the organizational principles of construction of the armed forces and would be most effective in a combat situation.
Therefore. in your formation and development of military medicine is based not only on the General provisions medical. but also. in lesser degree, and military science.
Military medicine became formalized as a distinct field of knowledge and practice cal activities with the advent of standing armies (the end of XVII – beginning of XVIII centuries
It was during this period, the need arose to have a part of the regular army of the military medical service. as a special organization, intended for medical ensuring troops.
Along with this, the conditions of life of armed forces personnel, his work has identified the need to find such a kind of its working methods, which would better respond to the specific conditions of military service in peacetime and the nature of the fighting. provide troops in time of war.
Thus in the improvement of technical equipment of the army and complications FPIC BOV of warfare, increasingly high requirements are presented to study the conditions in an integrated service. scientific development of the peculiarities of military pathology and to the development of a number of spice specific areas or topics of military medicine. such as military epidemiology, instability and risk of air medicine, military toxicology, etc.
At the present stage of development of military medicine is a complex of military medical knowledge. which includes a significant number of immature particular military medical Sciences.
-organization of medical support of troops in time of peace.
– organization of medical support of troops in time of war.
military field hee Ruhr Ki-I.
military field therapy.
physiology of military labour.
medical protection of personnel against weapons of mass destruction.
– providing health-care assets.
military medical statistics.
military medical geography, etc.
The outfit with that military-medical sections are found in almost all branches of theoretical and clinical medicine. ophthalmology, dentistry, otolaryngology, neurosurgery, psychiatry, dermatology. forensic medicine etc.
All of these industries (discipline) military medicine linked obsno STU goal, which is to work out the best for its efficiency and, however, suitable for widespread adoption in military medical practice the techniques and ability to be of therapeutic and preventive work. However, each of the branches of the military medicine has its own specific area of research. their private goals and methods generally provide the implementation of the tasks facing the medical service of the Armed Forces.
Somewhat different from other military medical Sciences position is the organization and tactics of medical SL have JBI. She plays a somewhat unifying role in relation to the NIJ to all other private military medical Sciences and has a very no considerable influence.
On the other hand, there is an inverse relationship between the military medical discipline and the organization and tactics of medical service. Each military medical discipline for their scientific achievements has a definite influence on the development of the organization and tactics of medical service.
The main content of the medical service of the Armed Forces are maintaining, strengthening and restoring the strength and health of personnel as the most important factor determining the high fighting efficiency and combat readiness of the troops.
Specifying the contents of the medical service of the armed forces in time of war, there are the following main tasks, the solution of which depends the success of medical support in General.
ensuring high combat readiness of forces and means of medical service.
participate in the recruitment of the Armed forces of a healthy replenishment.
organization and conduct of medical evacuation measures aimed at the preservation of the life of the wounded and sick, the fastest restoration of their combat and disability.
the implementation of sanitary supervision, sanitary-hygienic and anti-epidemic, in order to maintain and improve the health of personnel, prevent the occurrence and spread of diseases in the army.
events medical services for the protection of the troops and the protection of formations, units and establishments of medical service from weapons of mass destruction.
providing troops with medical supplies.
training medical staff for the armed forces and improving the skills of the staff of the health service.
scientific development of problems of medical support of the armed forces in time of war, the study of the occurrence and course of combat injuries and diseases.
the introduction of advanced experience of medical service in combat conditions and achievements of medical science and practice.
During the great Patriotic war, the system was returned to 72,3% of the wounded and 90.6% of patients. It should be emphasized that the medical service is back in operation already battle-hardened fighters, battle-hardened, having combat experience.
THE ORGANIZATION AND TACTICS OF MEDICAL SERVICE AS AN ACADEMIC DISCIPLINE, ITS STANOL E NO E, RA Z VITI E AND CONTENT, ORGA NIZ A TION AND TACTICS OF SL HAVE MEDICAL JBY (OTMS.
It represents one of the private military medical Sciences, which studies the experience of medical support of the Armed Forces and the conditions of the medical service in time of war, identifies patterns. defining the fundamental principles of construction SL have IBI medical and medical support of the Armed Forces, and develops the forms and methods of this security. the appropriate level of economic development. military Affairs and IU dicine, as well as the specific circumstances of the fighting.
Most briefly the organization and tactics of medical service can be defined as the science of the organization of medical support of the Armed Forces during the war.
The object of research and subject of teaching organization and tactics of medical service is the organization of medical support of the Armed Forces in various conditions and types of military activities during the war. Its tasks can be defined as finding and implementing the most efficient and effective at this stage of development the Noi military medicine, the military and the health care system of the country. forms and methods of organization of medical support of the Armed Forces in various conditions of their combat activities with the aim of achieving the best results, perform the tasks in this support.
The selection of the organization and tactics of medical service as a separate branch of military medicine takes place in the late XIX – early XX centuries Its development was dictated for sufficiency needs and requirements of military-medical practice. Prior to this there W s accumulation of experience in the construction of the military medical service and the organization of medical support of troops. which light l Xia mainly in writings on military hygiene and military field Heer from rgii.