Rules of forensic medical examination of the corpse.
FORENSIC EXAMINATION OF THE CORPSE.
1. The basic provisions on the appointment and organization of forensic medical examination of the corpse.
1.1. A forensic examination of the corpse shall be in accordance with the principles of legislation of the USSR and the Union republics on health care, the criminal procedure law, the decisions of the Plenum of the USSR Supreme Court on issues of judicial review, regulations on the production of forensic medical examination in the USSR, these, regulations, orders, other normative and methodological documents issued.
The Ministry of health of the USSR.
Experts will check the validity of the Conclusion. The cost from 25 thousand a period of 2 days.
1.2. A forensic examination of the corpse shall be appointed by resolution of the person conducting the inquiry, investigator, Prosecutor, judge or court ruling to determine the cause of death and resolution of other issues specified in the regulation (definition.
1.2.1. In cases when the decision (definition) on the appointment of forensic medical examination of a corpse is not rendered on a written transmittal attitude of the person conducting the inquiry, investigator, Prosecutor or judge, is judicial-medical research of a corpse to determine the cause of death.
1.2.2. Changes of a corpse in connection with the development of putrefactive processes or the influence of various environmental factors, are not grounds for waiver of a judicial-medical examination.
1.2.3. Death in health care facility persons who were treated and died from violent causes or if you suspect her, the chief doctor of the institution is obliged to notify the Prosecutor’s office or internal Affairs for the decision of a question on appointment of forensic medical examination (research) of the corpse.
1.2.4. Signs of violent death can be detected while conducting postmortem examination of the corpse. In this case, the autopsy is terminated, and the chief physician of the medical institution in writing reported the incident to the Prosecutor’s office or internal Affairs bodies. The pathologist conducting the investigation of the corpse, ensures the preservation of the corpse and bodies in the same condition as they were at the time of termination of the study, and the Protocol made them study. Upon receipt of the decision the examination of the corpse is the regular medical examiner or the pathologist as a medical examiner.
1.3. A forensic examination of the corpse produce in the forensic morgue or morgues of medical institutions.
1.4. If it is impossible to deliver the body the person appointed examination, together with the administration of a medical institution ensures the creation of medical examiner required conditions for work in another room.
1.4.1. In exceptional cases, in coordination with the medical examiner allowed the performance of expert examination of the exhumed corpse outdoors, provided the warm season, dry weather and create the necessary conditions for work.
1.5. Timely delivery to the morgue corpse, his clothes and other items directly related to the corpse, provided the person appointed is judicial-medical examination (examination) of the body. At the same time is transmitted to the decision (ruling), which sets out the circumstances of death or the body was discovered and clearly formulated questions to the expert, and also lists the documents and valuables delivered with the body. If you have performed the initial inspection of the scene and of the corpse, accompanied by a copy of the inspection report.
1.5.1. If the resolution on appointment of forensic medical examination can not be issued at the direction of the corpse to the morgue, the corpse forward with a written order, which noted that the decision will be delivered by the beginning of the examination.
1.6. Crews of “Ambulance” has the right in exceptional cases to bring in the forensic morgue group of persons who have died on the street and other public places. Doctor (paramedic) crews required to provide the duty nurse of the morgue filled in your coupon to the “Cover sheet” and notify the police station, with a service territory which were delivered dead. It is the police or the Prosecutor’s office ensure the timely appointment of forensic examination or examination of the corpse.
1.7. Under the direction of the morgue the corpse of medical institutions the person appointed is judicial-medical examination, provides simultaneous (or to the beginning of the examination) the delivery of the original of the history and clothing of the deceased. If the clothes were seized by bodies of inquiry or investigation, or with the authorization issued to the relatives of the deceased, the resolution is relevant record.
1.8. Taken to the morgue corpses, clothing and other items brought to the corpse, recorded in the prescribed manner. The corpses should be stored in conditions that prevent the development of putrefactive changes. The use of any preservative substances, is prohibited except as provided in paragraph 2 of this regulation.
Clothing of a corpse and other delivered items with him to continue until the beginning of the examination in the state in which they entered the morgue. If necessary, the medical examiner instructs the attendant of the morgue to carry out specific activities aimed at the prevention of damage to delivered items (to dry clothes, hang the clothes on the mannequins etc.
1.9. A forensic examination of the corpse is usually in-house experts of Bureau it is judicial-medical examination. The examination of a corpse can attract more doctors and research staff of the research Institute of forensic medicine of the Ministry of health of the USSR, the faculty of the departments (courses) of forensic medicine, institutes for advanced training of doctors, medical institutions and universities, as well as doctors of other specialties with special knowledge to give an opinion. The requirements of the investigating authorities and the court calling of such person as an expert is obligatory for heads of institutions in which this person works.
1.10. The person appointed is judicial-medical examination of the corpse, has the right to tell personally the medical examiner in charge of production expertise. If this order is not the issue decided by the chief of Bureau it is judicial-medical examination or head of Department is judicial-medical examination of corpses, and in the urban district and Interdistrict departments of forensic.
examination the head of this Department. These persons on behalf of the investigator explain the medical examiner entrusted with the production of forensic medical examination of a corpse, the rights and duties of an expert referred to the relevant article of the Criminal procedure code of the Federal Republic, warned about the responsibility for refusal or.
evasion from giving an opinion or for knowingly giving false imprisonment under the relevant articles of the Criminal code of the Federal Republic, than take away his subscription. This subscription is included in the introductory part of the report or issued as a separate document.
1.11. A forensic examination of the corpse is made, as a rule, one forensic expert.
In some cases (difficulty or a large amount of expert examination of the corpse or parts of it; the examination of the corpse of a foreign citizen; initial examination of the exhumed not previously dissected corpse; a re-examination of the corpse, etc.) forensic medical examination is carried out two or more forensic experts. If in such cases the decision does not set out precisely what the forensic experts are responsible for the production of the examination, they are appointed by the chief of Bureau it is judicial-medical examination or head of Department is judicial-medical examination of corpses.
1.11.1. The medical examiner who conducted the primary examination of the corpse, may, with the permission of the person re-appointed is judicial-medical examination of the corpse, to be present during its production with the aim of giving explanations about their actions during the initial examination.
1.11.2. In the case of insufficient clarity or completeness of the detention may be assigned additional expertise, assigned to the same or another expert. In the case of unsubstantiated expert opinion or doubts its validity can be assigned to a re-examination, shall appoint another expert or other experts.
1.12. Regular forensic medical expert or a physician of another specialty, called as a forensic expert, required.
1.12.1. Timely appear for the examination of the corpse. Valid reasons of absence of the expert recognized as a disease expert, certified, issued a sheet of temporary disability or a certificate or certified certificate of illness of a family member if you cannot delegate the care of him; navrachana him of the resolution on purpose of examination; a break in the traffic, disaster, etc.
1.12.2. To produce entrusted to it is judicial-medical examination of the corpse and give deadlines objective reasoned opinion on the left in front of him issues.
1.12.3. To ensure the preservation of tissues, organs, clothing of the corpse and the other taken with him subjects and their invariance within the set before the examination tasks.
1.12.4. Not to disclose the results of a forensic medical examination of a corpse and other known data of the preliminary investigation.
188.8.131.52. At the stage of preliminary investigation, the medical examiner may disclose known data (a report to the scientific community, publication in print, etc.) only with the permission of the person that appointed the expert examination of the corpse, and in that volume in what it acknowledges is possible.
1.12.5. To abandon the production assigned to it is judicial – medical examination of a corpse in the presence of grounds envisaged by the relevant articles of the criminal procedure code of the RSFSR and other Union republics.