Medicine (Latin medicina, from medicus physician, medical, medeor — ‘m going to Treat, apply medicines to restore health, to take measures to the termination of the disease.. heal; hereafter M. ) is a system of scientific knowledge and practical measures that combine the purpose of recognition, treatment and prevention of diseases, preservation and strengthening of health and working capacity of people, of life extension.
The modern M was the result of a long historical process; as M. always determined by the degree of society development, socio-economic systems, the achievements of science and technology, General level of culture. This article mainly discusses the development of M as a complex of scientific disciplines; the practice of medicine and organization of health care Health care system socio-economic and medical measures aimed at preserving and improving the health of the population. Basic forms of medical care — private practitioners, state and insurance. Medical insurance is the most characteristic for economically developed countries, based on a system of compulsory social insurance, which provides full or partial compensation for the costs of medical care. see also the article prevention and others.
The main sections of medicine.
Medicine, as a complex of scientific disciplines consists of three groups: the so-called medico biologicalcondition; clinical discipline; medico-social and hygienic disciplines. Continue reading
In recent years increased the prevalence of functional disorders among children and adolescents. They predominate in the skeletal muscle (23,3%), nervous system and mental sphere (15.8 per cent), endocrine system and metabolism (13,6%) [Baranov A. A., 2005]. In this regard, it is appropriate to talk about somatic dysfunctions. It is known that “somatic dysfunction is impaired function of related components of somatic system: skeletal, articular and myofascial structures and their vascular, lymphatic and neural elements” (who, 2005). Somatic disorders lead to profound disorders of all organs and systems [Auquier O. 1997; Frymann V. M. 1998; Lopushansky, P. G., 2001]. This makes it important to diagnosis, interpretation of somatic dysfunctions and their manifestations to substantiate effective methods of treatment [B. Grenier 1986; Bobko, J. N. 2000; Lopushansky, P. G. 2001; Bratova E. A. 2004; Kulikov, A. M. 2004; Krivonosov, I. V. 2005.
To further improve the medical care of children and ensure its necessary implementation in practice of effective methods of diagnostics, treatment and rehabilitation [Sharapova O. V. 2005]. In recent years, widespread in clinical medicine have received diagnostic and therapeutic techniques included in the set of classical orthopedics and manual medicine. One of the most important tasks in the field of perinatal medicine is to create a system of prediction, early diagnosis, development of standardized programmes for the treatment and rehabilitation of patients in the neonatal period and during all subsequent age periods of life [Volodin N. N. 2004. Continue reading
Innovation, innovation – the end result was-Oh deyat-ti which has been embodied in the form of a product innovation, technological innovation, process innovation, personnel innovation, financial innovation, organizational innovation, economic innovation, social innovation. On the other hand innovation is the process where the invention or idea acquires an economic content, which is C/o practical use of ideas and inventions leads to creation of the best properties of products, technologies, and in the case that it has focused on economic gain, profit, innovation emergence may cause additional income. Innovation is interpreted as transformation of potential scientific and technical progress in real, embodied in new products and techology. Innovative activities-t starts with innovation. Innovation – scientific knowledge that have new or significantly different from existing solutions.
2. What is the innovation process? How do the innovation and the innovation process, the terms innovation and innovation process (PI) is not unique, although close. UI is associated with the creation, development and rasprostranennosti. There are 3 logical forms of IP: -simple in-house (natural), simple interorganizational (commodity) -advanced Simple UI involves the creation and use of innovations within the same organization. In a simple inter-organizational innovation acts as the subject of the sale. Advanced is manifested in the creation of new producers of innovations, the violation of monopoly of the manufacturer-pioneer that promotes C/o mutual competition to perfection of consumer properties of manufactured goods. Continue reading
Pregnancy is a natural physiological state, accompanied by a huge physical and emotional changes in the body of the mother, but also leading to certain psychological changes and future father.
Future parents should know and have a good understanding of how fertilization occurs, developing embryo, what are the most favorable conditions for fetal development and normal pregnancy.
Anatomy and physiology of the female genital organs. Of the female pelvis. Periods of a woman’s life.
You must know the structure of the genital organs, their primary purpose, the changes that occur in a woman’s body normal outside of pregnancy, during pregnancy, after childbirth, and also during a number of gynecological diseases. Bone the pelvis forms the birth canal through which the movement of the fetus. Adverse conditions of fetal development, disease transferred in childhood and in puberty, can lead to the disruption of the structure and development of the pelvis. The pelvis may be deformed as a result of injuries, tumors and other pathology. Differences in the structure of the female and male pelvis are particularly pronounced in Mature vozraste. The bones of the female pelvis is more delicate, smooth and less massive than men’s bones of the pelvis.The plane of the entrance to the pelvis in women has a transversely oval form, and men-a form of card hearts.
Female and male pelvis. Continue reading
What are the General principles of treatment of skin diseases.
Treatment of patients should be complex and individual. Common drug therapy includes use of antibiotics, psychotropic, antiallergic drugs, hormones and bacterial pyro-genic drugs. The great value has the external, local treatment.
What are the characteristics of nursing.
Most often skin diseases are a manifestation of General pathology of the body, allergies. In addition to a variety of pathological cells in the skin, diseases of this group are accompanied by painful itching, burning, insomnia, making patients irritable. In this regard, the nurse requires patience and tact when working with this patient population.
The important role of nurse at carrying out of preventive examinations of children’s con-tingent, identifying cases of head lice and scabies.
How is the external treatment of skin diseases.
External treatment aims to accelerate the elimination of lesions and reduce the itching sensation, burning, contraction, and pain is usually a nurse.
External treatment begins with cleaning of the lesion from the scales, crusts, pus, fragments of the walls of the bubbles and bubbles. To do this, use tweezers, ethnocentricy and cotton swabs soaked with 3% hydrogen peroxide. Continue reading