The reactor not only a source of electricity, but also its consumer. Yet from the active zone of the reactor is discharged nuclear fuel, it is necessary to continuously circulate the water in order to avoid overheating of the Fuel rods. Usually part of the electric power turbines are selected for the own needs of the reactor. If the reactor is stopped (fuel switching, preventive maintenance, emergency stop), the power of the reactor comes from adjacent blocks.
Medical services personnel and units in the 30 km zone was centralized. So, as a part of the OG MO in Chernobyl was created by the medical service. She obeyed the medical stations of military units, medical battalions, radiometric laboratory, SER. On the deployment of medical units and establishments of their work head CWMU MO the General-the Colonel of med. services F. I. Komarov reported regularly to the Minister of defense Marshal of the Soviet Union S. L. Sokolov.
In addition, medical aid to the population and liquidators provided medical services of military districts (the Kiev, Belorussian, Carpathian). Their composition consisted of 39 medical institutions and units of the total number of medical .
In sectors 30 km zone of Chernobyl, was formed by the medical service with their subordinate medical battalions and sea. Continue reading
What are the General principles of treatment of skin diseases.
Treatment of patients should be complex and individual. Common drug therapy includes use of antibiotics, psychotropic, antiallergic drugs, hormones and bacterial pyro-genic drugs. The great value has the external, local treatment.
What are the characteristics of nursing.
Most often skin diseases are a manifestation of General pathology of the body, allergies. In addition to a variety of pathological cells in the skin, diseases of this group are accompanied by painful itching, burning, insomnia, making patients irritable. In this regard, the nurse requires patience and tact when working with this patient population.
The important role of nurse at carrying out of preventive examinations of children’s con-tingent, identifying cases of head lice and scabies.
How is the external treatment of skin diseases.
External treatment aims to accelerate the elimination of lesions and reduce the itching sensation, burning, contraction, and pain is usually a nurse.
External treatment begins with cleaning of the lesion from the scales, crusts, pus, fragments of the walls of the bubbles and bubbles. To do this, use tweezers, ethnocentricy and cotton swabs soaked with 3% hydrogen peroxide. Continue reading
In the last decades all over the world are intensively developing scientific-practical direction “medicine” associated with the provision of emergency medical care (EMC) at the same time a large number of affected. Emergency medicine is an integral part of emergency response in extreme situations.
The world community’s experience in the management of emergency medical forces emergency organization of the Federal and regional levels of governance and their interaction is of considerable interest.
Rapid response systems for emergencies were established in various countries after a series of major chemical accidents (Bhopal, India — 1984; G. Seveso, Italy — 1975; G. Habbestad, UK — 1984, etc.). In the United States since the second half of 80-ies. the environment Agency conducts intensive work to create rapid response systems for chemical accidents. In Europe in 1987 by the UN Commission on the protection of the environment — UNEP (United Nations Environment Programme) — began the implementation of the project APELL (Awareness and Preparedness for Emergencies at the Local Level). APELL provides guidelines for raising awareness of local public about potentially hazardous enterprises and is designed to prepare coordinated plans for responding to emergencies. It is a system of actions during industrial accidents.
In the United States at the state level for development of measures and determining overall policy for the prevention and elimination of consequences of catastrophes and natural disasters is multiple departments, reporting directly to the President. Continue reading