In recent years increased the prevalence of functional disorders among children and adolescents. They predominate in the skeletal muscle (23,3%), nervous system and mental sphere (15.8 per cent), endocrine system and metabolism (13,6%) [Baranov A. A., 2005]. In this regard, it is appropriate to talk about somatic dysfunctions. It is known that “somatic dysfunction is impaired function of related components of somatic system: skeletal, articular and myofascial structures and their vascular, lymphatic and neural elements” (who, 2005). Somatic disorders lead to profound disorders of all organs and systems [Auquier O. 1997; Frymann V. M. 1998; Lopushansky, P. G., 2001]. This makes it important to diagnosis, interpretation of somatic dysfunctions and their manifestations to substantiate effective methods of treatment [B. Grenier 1986; Bobko, J. N. 2000; Lopushansky, P. G. 2001; Bratova E. A. 2004; Kulikov, A. M. 2004; Krivonosov, I. V. 2005.
To further improve the medical care of children and ensure its necessary implementation in practice of effective methods of diagnostics, treatment and rehabilitation [Sharapova O. V. 2005]. In recent years, widespread in clinical medicine have received diagnostic and therapeutic techniques included in the set of classical orthopedics and manual medicine. One of the most important tasks in the field of perinatal medicine is to create a system of prediction, early diagnosis, development of standardized programmes for the treatment and rehabilitation of patients in the neonatal period and during all subsequent age periods of life [Volodin N. N. 2004. Continue reading
What are the General principles of treatment of skin diseases.
Treatment of patients should be complex and individual. Common drug therapy includes use of antibiotics, psychotropic, antiallergic drugs, hormones and bacterial pyro-genic drugs. The great value has the external, local treatment.
What are the characteristics of nursing.
Most often skin diseases are a manifestation of General pathology of the body, allergies. In addition to a variety of pathological cells in the skin, diseases of this group are accompanied by painful itching, burning, insomnia, making patients irritable. In this regard, the nurse requires patience and tact when working with this patient population.
The important role of nurse at carrying out of preventive examinations of children’s con-tingent, identifying cases of head lice and scabies.
How is the external treatment of skin diseases.
External treatment aims to accelerate the elimination of lesions and reduce the itching sensation, burning, contraction, and pain is usually a nurse.
External treatment begins with cleaning of the lesion from the scales, crusts, pus, fragments of the walls of the bubbles and bubbles. To do this, use tweezers, ethnocentricy and cotton swabs soaked with 3% hydrogen peroxide. Continue reading
Infectious disease prevalent worldwide caused by various microorganisms. “Infectious” disease known since ancient times, information about them can be found in the most ancient monuments of writing in the Indian Vedas, Ancient China and Ancient Egypt. Descriptions of some infectious diseases, such as dysentery, tetanus, erysipelas, anthrax, viral hepatitis, etc. can be detected in the writings of Hippocrates (460-377 BC). In the Russian Chronicles of the infection, described under the name of epidemic, endemic morovich diseases, emphasizing the main feature – mass, high lethality and rapid prevalence among the population. Described devastating epidemics and pandemics of infectious diseases. It is known that in the Middle ages was raging plague (“black death”), which died out a third of Europe’s population, and around the world from the plague in the fourteenth century killed more than 50 million people. During the First world war was the influenza pandemic (“Spanish flu”), which affected 500 million people, 20 million of them died. For a long time about the cause of infectious diseases were not known, believed that these diseases arise in connection with the “miasma” – poisonous exhalations of air. This teaching in the sixteenth century gave way to the doctrine of “contagia” (Trekstore).Infectious diseases – a large group of human diseases arising from effects on the body of viruses, bacteria and protozoa. They develop in the interaction of two independent biological systems of microorganism and of microorganism in the conditions of influence of external environment, and each of them has its specific biological activity. Continue reading