Infectious disease prevalent worldwide caused by various microorganisms. “Infectious” disease known since ancient times, information about them can be found in the most ancient monuments of writing in the Indian Vedas, Ancient China and Ancient Egypt. Descriptions of some infectious diseases, such as dysentery, tetanus, erysipelas, anthrax, viral hepatitis, etc. can be detected in the writings of Hippocrates (460-377 BC). In the Russian Chronicles of the infection, described under the name of epidemic, endemic morovich diseases, emphasizing the main feature – mass, high lethality and rapid prevalence among the population. Described devastating epidemics and pandemics of infectious diseases. It is known that in the Middle ages was raging plague (“black death”), which died out a third of Europe’s population, and around the world from the plague in the fourteenth century killed more than 50 million people. During the First world war was the influenza pandemic (“Spanish flu”), which affected 500 million people, 20 million of them died. For a long time about the cause of infectious diseases were not known, believed that these diseases arise in connection with the “miasma” – poisonous exhalations of air. This teaching in the sixteenth century gave way to the doctrine of “contagia” (Trekstore).Infectious diseases – a large group of human diseases arising from effects on the body of viruses, bacteria and protozoa. They develop in the interaction of two independent biological systems of microorganism and of microorganism in the conditions of influence of external environment, and each of them has its specific biological activity. Continue reading
Today’s life proves once again how fragile people, and not so much the soul as the body. Today, unfortunately, death happens far more often than expected. From a technical standpoint, a very reliable system that is superior in reliability to any existing. But the way of life so neestestvenno on the background of nature, as it is not able to design a person with a reliability corresponding to his daily activities, often with unpredictable events. Timely and competent first aid in various life-threatening situations allows you to save the victims life and significantly reduce the risk of disability. It often happens that a person is vital immediate medical attention. To provide her proper medical workers. And well, if they were there. And if not? In many professions associated with high risk to life (military, fire, police), in this respect there is a clear indication: the First medical assistance in the manner of self assistance . And this is one of the most difficult moments: it is necessary to provide medical care, but to provide it have not the health worker. This is not a new problem. Around the world, many non-medical professions profile provide knowledge of basic skills in first aid. It, first of all, those occupations which by nature of their activities come in contact with situations in which more often than other people are dying. A list of these occupations is quite broad. And we emphasize again that it is mainly the profession of medical profile. You are facing a difficult problem: How to help healthcare workers learn to provide the right medical assistance ? You can continue to practice visual AIDS and practice skills on simulators. Continue reading
Medicine is the science and art of healing, scientific and practical activities aimed at the preservation and strengthening of health of people, recognition, treatment and prevention of diseases, prolongation of life.
Alternative medicine – definition and types.
Alternative medicine consists of a wide range of practices, products and therapies. A common feature is a statement about the ability to heal without.
Modern medicine uses the science of health, biomedical research, and medical technologies for the diagnosis and treatment of injury and disease, typically through medication or surgery, as well as through a variety of therapy – psychotherapy, applying splints and hoods, prosthetics, bioengineering, ion irradiation, and many others.
The word medicine is derived from the Latin ars medicina, meaning the art of healing.
The history of medicine.
Prehistoric medicine involves extensive use of plants (herbalism, herbalism), animal parts and natural minerals. Very often these materials were used by shamans, priests, medicine men, as a magical substance for the implementation of rituals. Continue reading