The reactor not only a source of electricity, but also its consumer. Yet from the active zone of the reactor is discharged nuclear fuel, it is necessary to continuously circulate the water in order to avoid overheating of the Fuel rods. Usually part of the electric power turbines are selected for the own needs of the reactor. If the reactor is stopped (fuel switching, preventive maintenance, emergency stop), the power of the reactor comes from adjacent blocks.
Medical services personnel and units in the 30 km zone was centralized. So, as a part of the OG MO in Chernobyl was created by the medical service. She obeyed the medical stations of military units, medical battalions, radiometric laboratory, SER. On the deployment of medical units and establishments of their work head CWMU MO the General-the Colonel of med. services F. I. Komarov reported regularly to the Minister of defense Marshal of the Soviet Union S. L. Sokolov.
In addition, medical aid to the population and liquidators provided medical services of military districts (the Kiev, Belorussian, Carpathian). Their composition consisted of 39 medical institutions and units of the total number of medical .
In sectors 30 km zone of Chernobyl, was formed by the medical service with their subordinate medical battalions and sea. Continue reading
Today’s life proves once again how fragile people, and not so much the soul as the body. Today, unfortunately, death happens far more often than expected. From a technical standpoint, a very reliable system that is superior in reliability to any existing. But the way of life so neestestvenno on the background of nature, as it is not able to design a person with a reliability corresponding to his daily activities, often with unpredictable events. Timely and competent first aid in various life-threatening situations allows you to save the victims life and significantly reduce the risk of disability. It often happens that a person is vital immediate medical attention. To provide her proper medical workers. And well, if they were there. And if not? In many professions associated with high risk to life (military, fire, police), in this respect there is a clear indication: the First medical assistance in the manner of self assistance . And this is one of the most difficult moments: it is necessary to provide medical care, but to provide it have not the health worker. This is not a new problem. Around the world, many non-medical professions profile provide knowledge of basic skills in first aid. It, first of all, those occupations which by nature of their activities come in contact with situations in which more often than other people are dying. A list of these occupations is quite broad. And we emphasize again that it is mainly the profession of medical profile. You are facing a difficult problem: How to help healthcare workers learn to provide the right medical assistance ? You can continue to practice visual AIDS and practice skills on simulators. Continue reading
In the last decades all over the world are intensively developing scientific-practical direction “medicine” associated with the provision of emergency medical care (EMC) at the same time a large number of affected. Emergency medicine is an integral part of emergency response in extreme situations.
The world community’s experience in the management of emergency medical forces emergency organization of the Federal and regional levels of governance and their interaction is of considerable interest.
Rapid response systems for emergencies were established in various countries after a series of major chemical accidents (Bhopal, India — 1984; G. Seveso, Italy — 1975; G. Habbestad, UK — 1984, etc.). In the United States since the second half of 80-ies. the environment Agency conducts intensive work to create rapid response systems for chemical accidents. In Europe in 1987 by the UN Commission on the protection of the environment — UNEP (United Nations Environment Programme) — began the implementation of the project APELL (Awareness and Preparedness for Emergencies at the Local Level). APELL provides guidelines for raising awareness of local public about potentially hazardous enterprises and is designed to prepare coordinated plans for responding to emergencies. It is a system of actions during industrial accidents.
In the United States at the state level for development of measures and determining overall policy for the prevention and elimination of consequences of catastrophes and natural disasters is multiple departments, reporting directly to the President. Continue reading