The reactor not only a source of electricity, but also its consumer. Yet from the active zone of the reactor is discharged nuclear fuel, it is necessary to continuously circulate the water in order to avoid overheating of the Fuel rods. Usually part of the electric power turbines are selected for the own needs of the reactor. If the reactor is stopped (fuel switching, preventive maintenance, emergency stop), the power of the reactor comes from adjacent blocks.
Medical services personnel and units in the 30 km zone was centralized. So, as a part of the OG MO in Chernobyl was created by the medical service. She obeyed the medical stations of military units, medical battalions, radiometric laboratory, SER. On the deployment of medical units and establishments of their work head CWMU MO the General-the Colonel of med. services F. I. Komarov reported regularly to the Minister of defense Marshal of the Soviet Union S. L. Sokolov.
In addition, medical aid to the population and liquidators provided medical services of military districts (the Kiev, Belorussian, Carpathian). Their composition consisted of 39 medical institutions and units of the total number of medical .
In sectors 30 km zone of Chernobyl, was formed by the medical service with their subordinate medical battalions and sea. Continue reading
In the last decades all over the world are intensively developing scientific-practical direction “medicine” associated with the provision of emergency medical care (EMC) at the same time a large number of affected. Emergency medicine is an integral part of emergency response in extreme situations.
The world community’s experience in the management of emergency medical forces emergency organization of the Federal and regional levels of governance and their interaction is of considerable interest.
Rapid response systems for emergencies were established in various countries after a series of major chemical accidents (Bhopal, India — 1984; G. Seveso, Italy — 1975; G. Habbestad, UK — 1984, etc.). In the United States since the second half of 80-ies. the environment Agency conducts intensive work to create rapid response systems for chemical accidents. In Europe in 1987 by the UN Commission on the protection of the environment — UNEP (United Nations Environment Programme) — began the implementation of the project APELL (Awareness and Preparedness for Emergencies at the Local Level). APELL provides guidelines for raising awareness of local public about potentially hazardous enterprises and is designed to prepare coordinated plans for responding to emergencies. It is a system of actions during industrial accidents.
In the United States at the state level for development of measures and determining overall policy for the prevention and elimination of consequences of catastrophes and natural disasters is multiple departments, reporting directly to the President. Continue reading
The relevance of forecasting, prevention and liquidation of consequences of emergency situations (es) for the entire global community is constantly increasing. Annually in the world, natural disasters, accidents, catastrophes, fires, accidents at home and at work, about two million killed and injured tens of millions of people, and material damages up to 3% of the gross industrial product of the world economy.
Emergency medicine is an integral part of emergency response in extreme situations. As an independent scientifically-practical direction, emergency medicine was organized in 1976, R. Frey and P. Safar as the “club of Mainz”, which developed the technology aid in accidents and disasters in the area of the incident, during transport and at subsequent stages. With 80 years of rapid emergency response create in many developed countries, based on different conceptual approaches to the system of Euma. The need for effective organizational and medical technologies in emergency situations led to the creation in 1976 of the world Association of disaster medicine and emergency (VLCCS.
Analysis of the aftermath of accidents, catastrophes and natural disasters in our country 70-80-ies have shown a lack of willingness of involved services to emergency mode; not an exception and the health care system. In the study of the organization of emergency medical care in emergency situations have identified the following weaknesses: lack in health institutions, specific action plans in case of mass flood victims, the violation of the principles of medical sorting and evacuation and transport provision, undue delay in initial response of health haphazard provision of first, qualified and specialized medical care, the lack of reliable records of victims. Continue reading