The reactor not only a source of electricity, but also its consumer. Yet from the active zone of the reactor is discharged nuclear fuel, it is necessary to continuously circulate the water in order to avoid overheating of the Fuel rods. Usually part of the electric power turbines are selected for the own needs of the reactor. If the reactor is stopped (fuel switching, preventive maintenance, emergency stop), the power of the reactor comes from adjacent blocks.
Medical services personnel and units in the 30 km zone was centralized. So, as a part of the OG MO in Chernobyl was created by the medical service. She obeyed the medical stations of military units, medical battalions, radiometric laboratory, SER. On the deployment of medical units and establishments of their work head CWMU MO the General-the Colonel of med. services F. I. Komarov reported regularly to the Minister of defense Marshal of the Soviet Union S. L. Sokolov.
In addition, medical aid to the population and liquidators provided medical services of military districts (the Kiev, Belorussian, Carpathian). Their composition consisted of 39 medical institutions and units of the total number of medical .
In sectors 30 km zone of Chernobyl, was formed by the medical service with their subordinate medical battalions and sea. Continue reading
“Evidence recognized any items which served as instruments of crime or have retained on themselves the traces of the crime, which was directed the criminal acts, property, money and other valuables obtained through criminal actions or acquired by criminal means, other objects and documents that can serve as a means for the detection of crime and establishing circumstances of criminal case”. (article 81 of the CPC.
To find out the attitude of the seized item to the crime and the evidentiary value of this object in many cases is possible only by examinations.
Depending on the nature of the evidence and the issues to be addressed, expertise can be different.
Objects of forensic medical examination of material evidences are very diverse: blood, bodily excretions, hair, bones, soft body tissue, etc.
To the production of these examinations is allowed only doctors – forensic experts who have undergone special training in forensic examination of physical evidence.
In the research process, physical evidence, the expert is required to economize subject to the object so that part of it was left for a possible re-examination. Continue reading
Infectious disease prevalent worldwide caused by various microorganisms. “Infectious” disease known since ancient times, information about them can be found in the most ancient monuments of writing in the Indian Vedas, Ancient China and Ancient Egypt. Descriptions of some infectious diseases, such as dysentery, tetanus, erysipelas, anthrax, viral hepatitis, etc. can be detected in the writings of Hippocrates (460-377 BC). In the Russian Chronicles of the infection, described under the name of epidemic, endemic morovich diseases, emphasizing the main feature – mass, high lethality and rapid prevalence among the population. Described devastating epidemics and pandemics of infectious diseases. It is known that in the Middle ages was raging plague (“black death”), which died out a third of Europe’s population, and around the world from the plague in the fourteenth century killed more than 50 million people. During the First world war was the influenza pandemic (“Spanish flu”), which affected 500 million people, 20 million of them died. For a long time about the cause of infectious diseases were not known, believed that these diseases arise in connection with the “miasma” – poisonous exhalations of air. This teaching in the sixteenth century gave way to the doctrine of “contagia” (Trekstore).Infectious diseases – a large group of human diseases arising from effects on the body of viruses, bacteria and protozoa. They develop in the interaction of two independent biological systems of microorganism and of microorganism in the conditions of influence of external environment, and each of them has its specific biological activity. Continue reading