Medicine (Latin medicina, from medicus physician, medical, medeor — ‘m going to Treat, apply medicines to restore health, to take measures to the termination of the disease.. heal; hereafter M. ) is a system of scientific knowledge and practical measures that combine the purpose of recognition, treatment and prevention of diseases, preservation and strengthening of health and working capacity of people, of life extension.
The modern M was the result of a long historical process; as M. always determined by the degree of society development, socio-economic systems, the achievements of science and technology, General level of culture. This article mainly discusses the development of M as a complex of scientific disciplines; the practice of medicine and organization of health care Health care system socio-economic and medical measures aimed at preserving and improving the health of the population. Basic forms of medical care — private practitioners, state and insurance. Medical insurance is the most characteristic for economically developed countries, based on a system of compulsory social insurance, which provides full or partial compensation for the costs of medical care. see also the article prevention and others.
The main sections of medicine.
Medicine, as a complex of scientific disciplines consists of three groups: the so-called medico biologicalcondition; clinical discipline; medico-social and hygienic disciplines. Continue reading
In the last decades all over the world are intensively developing scientific-practical direction “medicine” associated with the provision of emergency medical care (EMC) at the same time a large number of affected. Emergency medicine is an integral part of emergency response in extreme situations.
The world community’s experience in the management of emergency medical forces emergency organization of the Federal and regional levels of governance and their interaction is of considerable interest.
Rapid response systems for emergencies were established in various countries after a series of major chemical accidents (Bhopal, India — 1984; G. Seveso, Italy — 1975; G. Habbestad, UK — 1984, etc.). In the United States since the second half of 80-ies. the environment Agency conducts intensive work to create rapid response systems for chemical accidents. In Europe in 1987 by the UN Commission on the protection of the environment — UNEP (United Nations Environment Programme) — began the implementation of the project APELL (Awareness and Preparedness for Emergencies at the Local Level). APELL provides guidelines for raising awareness of local public about potentially hazardous enterprises and is designed to prepare coordinated plans for responding to emergencies. It is a system of actions during industrial accidents.
In the United States at the state level for development of measures and determining overall policy for the prevention and elimination of consequences of catastrophes and natural disasters is multiple departments, reporting directly to the President. Continue reading
If medical assistance is the security of citizens in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation of necessary medications and medical products. In accordance with clause 9 of Instructions to prisoners applies, and Territorial health care program, which includes: a) the list of diseases and types of medical care provided to citizens free, at the expense of the consolidated budget of the RF subject and the territorial funds of the compulsory health insurance Fund; b) the terms of medical care, including waiting periods of medical care provided in a planned manner; C) the exercise of the right of extraordinary rendering of medical aid to separate categories of citizens in health institutions of the subject of the Russian Federation and municipal entities; d) the lists of vital and essential medicines and medical products required for the provision of emergency, acute and hospital care; d) list of medicines supplied to the population in accordance with the list of population groups and disease categories for outpatient treatment which medicines and products of medical appointment are released on recipes of doctors free of charge, and in accordance with the list of groups in outpatient treatment which medicines are released on recipes of doctors with 50-a percentage discount from free prices; e) the list of medical institutions participating in the implementation of the territorial program of state guarantees. Therefore, if the primary free health care does not cover existing illness of the convicted person, it does not mean that the disease is not included in the territorial program of care in a given area or region. Continue reading