Medicine (Latin medicina, from medicus physician, medical, medeor — ‘m going to Treat, apply medicines to restore health, to take measures to the termination of the disease.. heal; hereafter M. ) is a system of scientific knowledge and practical measures that combine the purpose of recognition, treatment and prevention of diseases, preservation and strengthening of health and working capacity of people, of life extension.
The modern M was the result of a long historical process; as M. always determined by the degree of society development, socio-economic systems, the achievements of science and technology, General level of culture. This article mainly discusses the development of M as a complex of scientific disciplines; the practice of medicine and organization of health care Health care system socio-economic and medical measures aimed at preserving and improving the health of the population. Basic forms of medical care — private practitioners, state and insurance. Medical insurance is the most characteristic for economically developed countries, based on a system of compulsory social insurance, which provides full or partial compensation for the costs of medical care. see also the article prevention and others.
The main sections of medicine.
Medicine, as a complex of scientific disciplines consists of three groups: the so-called medico biologicalcondition; clinical discipline; medico-social and hygienic disciplines. Continue reading
Innovation, innovation – the end result was-Oh deyat-ti which has been embodied in the form of a product innovation, technological innovation, process innovation, personnel innovation, financial innovation, organizational innovation, economic innovation, social innovation. On the other hand innovation is the process where the invention or idea acquires an economic content, which is C/o practical use of ideas and inventions leads to creation of the best properties of products, technologies, and in the case that it has focused on economic gain, profit, innovation emergence may cause additional income. Innovation is interpreted as transformation of potential scientific and technical progress in real, embodied in new products and techology. Innovative activities-t starts with innovation. Innovation – scientific knowledge that have new or significantly different from existing solutions.
2. What is the innovation process? How do the innovation and the innovation process, the terms innovation and innovation process (PI) is not unique, although close. UI is associated with the creation, development and rasprostranennosti. There are 3 logical forms of IP: -simple in-house (natural), simple interorganizational (commodity) -advanced Simple UI involves the creation and use of innovations within the same organization. In a simple inter-organizational innovation acts as the subject of the sale. Advanced is manifested in the creation of new producers of innovations, the violation of monopoly of the manufacturer-pioneer that promotes C/o mutual competition to perfection of consumer properties of manufactured goods. Continue reading
Fungal diseases can be detected not only in skin but also in various internal organs: digestive tract, urinary, nervous and respiratory system, liver, kidneys and muscles. Penetrating into the internal organs mycotic infection develops in acute or chronic forms. It should be noted that the body of a healthy person copes with the disease, mostly from fungal infections affects patients with reduced immunity and long-lasting diseases, e.g., diabetes, asthma, recurrent bronchitis, inflammatory diseases of the genital organs. Quite often infection occurs after serious operations or a prolonged use of antibiotics. Among the different types of mycosis, the most common is candidiasis that cause yeast-like fungi belonging to the genus Candida, they affect the mucous membranes of the oral cavity, female genitals, upper Airways, lungs, intestinal tract and ENT-organs.
Depending on the localisation of the fungal disease manifests itself in different symptoms. Fungal infection, which affects the larynx and throat is characterized by bouts of dry cough, spasms of the larynx, with copious expectoration. Candidal bronchitis is accompanied by severe cough, wheezing, pneumococal, may cause skin symptoms in the painful red itchy rashes.
Visceral candidiasis usually develops on the background of a weakened immune response may dysbiosis after taking some antibiotics, hormones and antidepressants.
Among the most dangerous deep mycoses coccidioidomycosis is noted with lesions of the skin, particularly the lungs which can be fatal. Continue reading