In recent years increased the prevalence of functional disorders among children and adolescents. They predominate in the skeletal muscle (23,3%), nervous system and mental sphere (15.8 per cent), endocrine system and metabolism (13,6%) [Baranov A. A., 2005]. In this regard, it is appropriate to talk about somatic dysfunctions. It is known that “somatic dysfunction is impaired function of related components of somatic system: skeletal, articular and myofascial structures and their vascular, lymphatic and neural elements” (who, 2005). Somatic disorders lead to profound disorders of all organs and systems [Auquier O. 1997; Frymann V. M. 1998; Lopushansky, P. G., 2001]. This makes it important to diagnosis, interpretation of somatic dysfunctions and their manifestations to substantiate effective methods of treatment [B. Grenier 1986; Bobko, J. N. 2000; Lopushansky, P. G. 2001; Bratova E. A. 2004; Kulikov, A. M. 2004; Krivonosov, I. V. 2005.
To further improve the medical care of children and ensure its necessary implementation in practice of effective methods of diagnostics, treatment and rehabilitation [Sharapova O. V. 2005]. In recent years, widespread in clinical medicine have received diagnostic and therapeutic techniques included in the set of classical orthopedics and manual medicine. One of the most important tasks in the field of perinatal medicine is to create a system of prediction, early diagnosis, development of standardized programmes for the treatment and rehabilitation of patients in the neonatal period and during all subsequent age periods of life [Volodin N. N. 2004. Continue reading
Infectious disease prevalent worldwide caused by various microorganisms. “Infectious” disease known since ancient times, information about them can be found in the most ancient monuments of writing in the Indian Vedas, Ancient China and Ancient Egypt. Descriptions of some infectious diseases, such as dysentery, tetanus, erysipelas, anthrax, viral hepatitis, etc. can be detected in the writings of Hippocrates (460-377 BC). In the Russian Chronicles of the infection, described under the name of epidemic, endemic morovich diseases, emphasizing the main feature – mass, high lethality and rapid prevalence among the population. Described devastating epidemics and pandemics of infectious diseases. It is known that in the Middle ages was raging plague (“black death”), which died out a third of Europe’s population, and around the world from the plague in the fourteenth century killed more than 50 million people. During the First world war was the influenza pandemic (“Spanish flu”), which affected 500 million people, 20 million of them died. For a long time about the cause of infectious diseases were not known, believed that these diseases arise in connection with the “miasma” – poisonous exhalations of air. This teaching in the sixteenth century gave way to the doctrine of “contagia” (Trekstore).Infectious diseases – a large group of human diseases arising from effects on the body of viruses, bacteria and protozoa. They develop in the interaction of two independent biological systems of microorganism and of microorganism in the conditions of influence of external environment, and each of them has its specific biological activity. Continue reading
If medical assistance is the security of citizens in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation of necessary medications and medical products. In accordance with clause 9 of Instructions to prisoners applies, and Territorial health care program, which includes: a) the list of diseases and types of medical care provided to citizens free, at the expense of the consolidated budget of the RF subject and the territorial funds of the compulsory health insurance Fund; b) the terms of medical care, including waiting periods of medical care provided in a planned manner; C) the exercise of the right of extraordinary rendering of medical aid to separate categories of citizens in health institutions of the subject of the Russian Federation and municipal entities; d) the lists of vital and essential medicines and medical products required for the provision of emergency, acute and hospital care; d) list of medicines supplied to the population in accordance with the list of population groups and disease categories for outpatient treatment which medicines and products of medical appointment are released on recipes of doctors free of charge, and in accordance with the list of groups in outpatient treatment which medicines are released on recipes of doctors with 50-a percentage discount from free prices; e) the list of medical institutions participating in the implementation of the territorial program of state guarantees. Therefore, if the primary free health care does not cover existing illness of the convicted person, it does not mean that the disease is not included in the territorial program of care in a given area or region. Continue reading