“Evidence recognized any items which served as instruments of crime or have retained on themselves the traces of the crime, which was directed the criminal acts, property, money and other valuables obtained through criminal actions or acquired by criminal means, other objects and documents that can serve as a means for the detection of crime and establishing circumstances of criminal case”. (article 81 of the CPC.
To find out the attitude of the seized item to the crime and the evidentiary value of this object in many cases is possible only by examinations.
Depending on the nature of the evidence and the issues to be addressed, expertise can be different.
Objects of forensic medical examination of material evidences are very diverse: blood, bodily excretions, hair, bones, soft body tissue, etc.
To the production of these examinations is allowed only doctors – forensic experts who have undergone special training in forensic examination of physical evidence.
In the research process, physical evidence, the expert is required to economize subject to the object so that part of it was left for a possible re-examination. Continue reading
In recent years increased the prevalence of functional disorders among children and adolescents. They predominate in the skeletal muscle (23,3%), nervous system and mental sphere (15.8 per cent), endocrine system and metabolism (13,6%) [Baranov A. A., 2005]. In this regard, it is appropriate to talk about somatic dysfunctions. It is known that “somatic dysfunction is impaired function of related components of somatic system: skeletal, articular and myofascial structures and their vascular, lymphatic and neural elements” (who, 2005). Somatic disorders lead to profound disorders of all organs and systems [Auquier O. 1997; Frymann V. M. 1998; Lopushansky, P. G., 2001]. This makes it important to diagnosis, interpretation of somatic dysfunctions and their manifestations to substantiate effective methods of treatment [B. Grenier 1986; Bobko, J. N. 2000; Lopushansky, P. G. 2001; Bratova E. A. 2004; Kulikov, A. M. 2004; Krivonosov, I. V. 2005.
To further improve the medical care of children and ensure its necessary implementation in practice of effective methods of diagnostics, treatment and rehabilitation [Sharapova O. V. 2005]. In recent years, widespread in clinical medicine have received diagnostic and therapeutic techniques included in the set of classical orthopedics and manual medicine. One of the most important tasks in the field of perinatal medicine is to create a system of prediction, early diagnosis, development of standardized programmes for the treatment and rehabilitation of patients in the neonatal period and during all subsequent age periods of life [Volodin N. N. 2004. Continue reading
Pregnancy is a natural physiological state, accompanied by a huge physical and emotional changes in the body of the mother, but also leading to certain psychological changes and future father.
Future parents should know and have a good understanding of how fertilization occurs, developing embryo, what are the most favorable conditions for fetal development and normal pregnancy.
Anatomy and physiology of the female genital organs. Of the female pelvis. Periods of a woman’s life.
You must know the structure of the genital organs, their primary purpose, the changes that occur in a woman’s body normal outside of pregnancy, during pregnancy, after childbirth, and also during a number of gynecological diseases. Bone the pelvis forms the birth canal through which the movement of the fetus. Adverse conditions of fetal development, disease transferred in childhood and in puberty, can lead to the disruption of the structure and development of the pelvis. The pelvis may be deformed as a result of injuries, tumors and other pathology. Differences in the structure of the female and male pelvis are particularly pronounced in Mature vozraste. The bones of the female pelvis is more delicate, smooth and less massive than men’s bones of the pelvis.The plane of the entrance to the pelvis in women has a transversely oval form, and men-a form of card hearts.
Female and male pelvis. Continue reading