“Evidence recognized any items which served as instruments of crime or have retained on themselves the traces of the crime, which was directed the criminal acts, property, money and other valuables obtained through criminal actions or acquired by criminal means, other objects and documents that can serve as a means for the detection of crime and establishing circumstances of criminal case”. (article 81 of the CPC.
To find out the attitude of the seized item to the crime and the evidentiary value of this object in many cases is possible only by examinations.
Depending on the nature of the evidence and the issues to be addressed, expertise can be different.
Objects of forensic medical examination of material evidences are very diverse: blood, bodily excretions, hair, bones, soft body tissue, etc.
To the production of these examinations is allowed only doctors – forensic experts who have undergone special training in forensic examination of physical evidence.
In the research process, physical evidence, the expert is required to economize subject to the object so that part of it was left for a possible re-examination. Continue reading
Modern knowledge of prehistoric medicine is based primarily on the study of fossil remains of prehistoric man and his guns; some information also provides practice of a number of surviving primitive peoples. Fossils are traces of such lesions of the skeleton as bone deformities, fractures, osteomyelitis, osteitis, tuberculosis, arthritis, rickets and osteoma. No data on other diseases, but most likely almost all modern disease existed in prehistoric times.
Primitive medicine was based on the assumption of a supernatural cause of the disease, namely malicious influence of evil spirits or sorcerers. Therefore, the treatment consisted of magical spells, charms, chants and various elaborate rituals. Evil spirits had to scare off a noise to deceive masks or change the name of the patient. Mainly used sympathetic magic (based on the belief that man can supernaturally influence of his name or representing its subject, such as an image). Magic medicine is still practiced on the Islands of Polynesia, some parts of Central Africa and Australia.
The magic medicine has given rise to quackery – apparently the first human occupation. Preserved on the cave walls in the Pyrenees CRO-magnon drawings that are older than 20 thousand years, izobretatelya-the sorcerer in the skin and with deer antlers on his head. Continue reading
Detailed information about the job.
1) Forensic medicine is a science, which is a body of knowledge and research in the life Sciences, medicine, physics, chemistry, and medico-criminology, purposeful directed in its development, improvement and practical application in the implementation of justice and health . The first and main task of forensic medicine, which is to help law enforcement (criminal and civil) related to crimes against life, health, dignity, and health of the population as a whole. Forensic medicine is an independent medical discipline, studying and resolving issues of medical and General biological character, arising from the forensic investigators in the investigation process and court proceedings. The second objective of forensic medicine is the promotion of the health authorities in improving the quality of preventive and curative work. Forensic medicine has an important social value in the fight against crimes against life, health and dignity of the individual, as well as in the prevention of injuries, intoxication, untimely and sudden death.
2) To the formation of an independent, as a legal entity, the forensic medical service (before 1951) Kazakhstan had several periods of trial-medicinesmedicines in our territory. The first (before 1925 28.) the period of holding separate examinations. Forensic medical examination was carried out from case to case, as needed, doctors of military hospitals, rural doctors. Continue reading