“Evidence recognized any items which served as instruments of crime or have retained on themselves the traces of the crime, which was directed the criminal acts, property, money and other valuables obtained through criminal actions or acquired by criminal means, other objects and documents that can serve as a means for the detection of crime and establishing circumstances of criminal case”. (article 81 of the CPC.
To find out the attitude of the seized item to the crime and the evidentiary value of this object in many cases is possible only by examinations.
Depending on the nature of the evidence and the issues to be addressed, expertise can be different.
Objects of forensic medical examination of material evidences are very diverse: blood, bodily excretions, hair, bones, soft body tissue, etc.
To the production of these examinations is allowed only doctors – forensic experts who have undergone special training in forensic examination of physical evidence.
In the research process, physical evidence, the expert is required to economize subject to the object so that part of it was left for a possible re-examination. Continue reading
Innovation, innovation – the end result was-Oh deyat-ti which has been embodied in the form of a product innovation, technological innovation, process innovation, personnel innovation, financial innovation, organizational innovation, economic innovation, social innovation. On the other hand innovation is the process where the invention or idea acquires an economic content, which is C/o practical use of ideas and inventions leads to creation of the best properties of products, technologies, and in the case that it has focused on economic gain, profit, innovation emergence may cause additional income. Innovation is interpreted as transformation of potential scientific and technical progress in real, embodied in new products and techology. Innovative activities-t starts with innovation. Innovation – scientific knowledge that have new or significantly different from existing solutions.
2. What is the innovation process? How do the innovation and the innovation process, the terms innovation and innovation process (PI) is not unique, although close. UI is associated with the creation, development and rasprostranennosti. There are 3 logical forms of IP: -simple in-house (natural), simple interorganizational (commodity) -advanced Simple UI involves the creation and use of innovations within the same organization. In a simple inter-organizational innovation acts as the subject of the sale. Advanced is manifested in the creation of new producers of innovations, the violation of monopoly of the manufacturer-pioneer that promotes C/o mutual competition to perfection of consumer properties of manufactured goods. Continue reading
Infections are the result of invasion into the body of pathogens and the reaction of body tissues to these pathogens and their toxins. Only a small part of the many thousands of microorganisms existing in nature and is known to the present day, are pathogenic for humans. Other microbes living in the body, constitute the normal microflora, and their existence provides a natural resistance of the organism to pathogenic strains.
Infections continue to be a significant challenge of modern surgery in the same as it was in the past. The creation of new and more powerful antibiotics entails the emergence of new strains resistant to them pathogens.
Nosocomial infections are those which are passed previously infected patient due to hospital acquired infection. Such hospital-acquired infections can be caused particularly by the resident microorganisms as they exist in hospital acquired environment applications of broad-spectrum antibiotics. Among hospital-acquired staphylococcal infections remains one of the most frequent.
About autoinfection say in those cases when the agent becomes the germ pre-existing in the organism as a saprophyte. Alternative autoinfection is secondary iatrogenic infection related to, for example, with manipulation of a doctor or nurse, as the installation of bladder or winsniffer. Continue reading