Medicine (Latin medicina, from medicus physician, medical, medeor — ‘m going to Treat, apply medicines to restore health, to take measures to the termination of the disease.. heal; hereafter M. ) is a system of scientific knowledge and practical measures that combine the purpose of recognition, treatment and prevention of diseases, preservation and strengthening of health and working capacity of people, of life extension.
The modern M was the result of a long historical process; as M. always determined by the degree of society development, socio-economic systems, the achievements of science and technology, General level of culture. This article mainly discusses the development of M as a complex of scientific disciplines; the practice of medicine and organization of health care Health care system socio-economic and medical measures aimed at preserving and improving the health of the population. Basic forms of medical care — private practitioners, state and insurance. Medical insurance is the most characteristic for economically developed countries, based on a system of compulsory social insurance, which provides full or partial compensation for the costs of medical care. see also the article prevention and others.
The main sections of medicine.
Medicine, as a complex of scientific disciplines consists of three groups: the so-called medico biologicalcondition; clinical discipline; medico-social and hygienic disciplines. Continue reading
In recent years increased the prevalence of functional disorders among children and adolescents. They predominate in the skeletal muscle (23,3%), nervous system and mental sphere (15.8 per cent), endocrine system and metabolism (13,6%) [Baranov A. A., 2005]. In this regard, it is appropriate to talk about somatic dysfunctions. It is known that “somatic dysfunction is impaired function of related components of somatic system: skeletal, articular and myofascial structures and their vascular, lymphatic and neural elements” (who, 2005). Somatic disorders lead to profound disorders of all organs and systems [Auquier O. 1997; Frymann V. M. 1998; Lopushansky, P. G., 2001]. This makes it important to diagnosis, interpretation of somatic dysfunctions and their manifestations to substantiate effective methods of treatment [B. Grenier 1986; Bobko, J. N. 2000; Lopushansky, P. G. 2001; Bratova E. A. 2004; Kulikov, A. M. 2004; Krivonosov, I. V. 2005.
To further improve the medical care of children and ensure its necessary implementation in practice of effective methods of diagnostics, treatment and rehabilitation [Sharapova O. V. 2005]. In recent years, widespread in clinical medicine have received diagnostic and therapeutic techniques included in the set of classical orthopedics and manual medicine. One of the most important tasks in the field of perinatal medicine is to create a system of prediction, early diagnosis, development of standardized programmes for the treatment and rehabilitation of patients in the neonatal period and during all subsequent age periods of life [Volodin N. N. 2004. Continue reading
What are the General principles of treatment of skin diseases.
Treatment of patients should be complex and individual. Common drug therapy includes use of antibiotics, psychotropic, antiallergic drugs, hormones and bacterial pyro-genic drugs. The great value has the external, local treatment.
What are the characteristics of nursing.
Most often skin diseases are a manifestation of General pathology of the body, allergies. In addition to a variety of pathological cells in the skin, diseases of this group are accompanied by painful itching, burning, insomnia, making patients irritable. In this regard, the nurse requires patience and tact when working with this patient population.
The important role of nurse at carrying out of preventive examinations of children’s con-tingent, identifying cases of head lice and scabies.
How is the external treatment of skin diseases.
External treatment aims to accelerate the elimination of lesions and reduce the itching sensation, burning, contraction, and pain is usually a nurse.
External treatment begins with cleaning of the lesion from the scales, crusts, pus, fragments of the walls of the bubbles and bubbles. To do this, use tweezers, ethnocentricy and cotton swabs soaked with 3% hydrogen peroxide. Continue reading