Cancer (women’s cancer)

Treatment folk methods.

Cancer of the uterus among tumors of the female genital organs ranked third (after breast cancer and cervical cancer). The endometrial cancer affects mostly women over the age of 50, but found he forty women. Described isolated cases of uterine cancer in girls.

The disease usually occurs in the preceding background of hormonal disorders and is often associated with thickening of the mucous membrane of the uterus and fibroids. Most often, uterine cancer is common among women suffering from disorders of metabolism, disorders of the liver in patients with diabetes. Often the emergence of endometrial cancer is preceded by precancerous lesions such as polyposis, adenomatosis and hyperplasia (thickening) of the uterine mucosa.

The clinical picture of the disease often consists of a triad of symptoms: bleeding, leukorrhea and pain. First, there is usually one symptom. The nature and degree of its severity depends on the General condition of the patient, the condition of menstrual-ovarian function, presence of precancerous lesions.

From the triad of symptoms that accompany cancer of the uterine body, most often observed bleeding. When you save the menstrual function bleeding often arise as disorders of the menstrual cycle and have the character of a menorrhagia or metrorrhagia. Bleeding occur periodically, usually for no apparent reason. Pain in cancer of the uterus usually occur later, in periodonal development of the disease.

The causes can be the germination tumor of the peritoneum or surrounding tissues, the transition of the tumor to adjacent organs (bladder, intestines), the stretching of the walls of the uterus, the pressure of the growing tumor of the nerve trunks, etc. Pain in endometrial cancer are often cramping in nature. Persistent pain suggests that the process has gone too far.

Cervical mucus is almost always wearing a Muco-purulent character. They may be repeated after exercise, bumpy ride, defecation. Often persistent allocation cause itching of the external genitalia. The appearance of older women beloeil any nature should always be alerted as the doctor, still very sore, diagnosis of uterine cancer at early stages is usually difficult. It should be based on patient complaints, data of medical examination. methods of laboratory and morphological studies.

Cancer of the cervix.

Cervical cancer usually develops in the vaginal part. The disease usually occurs in women older than 50 years, but we must not forget that it can occur at any age. Causes of cervical cancer, like all cancer, is not clear. Scientists tend to believe that the cause of the disease are hormonal disorders, frequent change of sexual partners, inflammatory diseases of the genital organs, trauma, abortion. Virgins cervical cancer is usually not found.

Cervical cancer is often accompanied by the appearance of copious liquid secretions. In the early stages of the disease highlight a colorless, odorless and do not cause irritation of the external genitalia. The development process, the nature of the discharge changes. They become Muco-purulent and purulent, and acquire a yellowish color and an unpleasant odor.

The second symptom characteristic of cervical cancer are bleeding. Spotting can be light or heavy, constant or intermittent. Most often bleeding occur after sexual intercourse, heavy physical exertion, straining. In patients with disturbed menstrual cycle, time of menstruation can be shortened or conversely lengthened. Especially patients and caregivers should alert the bleeding during the menopause.

In advanced process pain. Also, as with endometrial cancer, cause tumor invasion in adjacent organs, compression of nerve trunks, etc. In the initial stages of the disease pain is usually localized in the abdomen and in the groin area. The disease progresses they move into the lumbar region and lower extremities.

If the tumor is near the bladder and begins to grow in his wall, then there are symptoms of irritation of the bladder (frequent urination, pain during urination). Bladder emptied incompletely, which leads to congestive cystitis, the Diagnosis of cervical cancer is based on patient complaints and visual inspection. But the most effective method for cytological diagnosis (smear). Why every woman over forty years old have at least 3 4 times a year to have a pelvic exam in the clinic.

Cancer of the vagina.

Cancer of the vagina can be primary and secondary (metastatic). The primary cancer most frequently occurs at the age of 40 60 years. For cancer of the vagina are clearly limited tumor, soft vulnerability density.

The main symptoms are leukorrhea, bloody or sukrovichnye discharge, pain. All symptoms associated with the presence or absence of sexual activity, the type of tumor and the extent of involvement of adjacent organs. Small thickness of the walls of the vagina, rich in blood vessels and lymphatic system contribute to the rapid spread of the process with metastases. Metastasis is primarily in the pelvic, inguinal and sacral lymph nodes.

According to the degree of prevalence of cancer of the vagina is divided into 4 stages: 1. Limited the tumor size up to 2 cm without metastases. 2. A large tumor. penetrating okolovrusno fiber. There is a single moving metastases. 3. A tumor that has spread to a large part of the vagina and passing into the wall of the pelvis. 4. A tumor sprouted the wall of the bladder and the rectum Distant metastases. Treatment of vaginal cancer, with 1-, 2 – and 3-th stages combined radiation: gammatherapy combine with intracavitary introduction of radioactive substances. At the 4th stage treatment is symptomatic.

This disease is relatively rare, more often in women aged 60 to 70 years. Vulvar cancer is extremely malignant course and early metastasis. This contributes to the well-developed network of blood and lymphatic vessels of the vulva. Symptoms usually smoothed, so later ill go to the doctor.

Late diagnosis of the disease leads to a running cancer. It is therefore very important means of prevention of the disease is the prevention and treatment of precancerous diseases of female genital sphere (leukoplakia, warts, dyskeratosis, etc.). As with cancer of the vagina for vulvar cancer note the 4 stages.

Vulvar cancer can be primary and secondary. The primary tumor is most often localized in large labia and clitoris, rarely in the labia I the rear spike. Symptoms of vulvar cancer is very poor: itching and burning in the vulva, later pain, bleeding, purulent discharge. The tumor rapidly infiltrates the tissues, may spread to vagina, urethra, perineum. Metastasis is to inguinal, femoral and iliac lymph nodes. Most early metastatic cancer of the clitoris.

Treatment of vulvar cancer can be surgical, radiotherapy and combined. It all depends on the localization of the tumor, extent of disease, the General condition of the patient. At the 4th stage of the disease treatment is symptomatic. The prognosis is poor.

Ovarian cancer.

Among cancers of female genital organs ovarian cancer are in second place after the cancer of the cervix, and is about 15 percent of all female cancer. This type of cancer very difficult to diagnose, as it is poor in characteristic symptoms, and therefore patients seek medical help late. Developing ovarian cancer at any age, even in newborns, but the tumor in each age has its morphological forms.

During the cancer process there are 4 main stages, but sometimes even on the operating table, it can be difficult to figure out at what stage the disease is. The prevalence of the process is determined on the basis of clinical examination and inspection during operation. The spread of cancer process occurs via the lymphatic system and the circulatory system. Most often affects the peritoneum, bladder, and intestines, often there are metastases in distant organs.

Ovarian cancer most often occurs in women over the age of 45 50 years. In the early stages of the development of the disease symptoms expressed little. The earliest symptom is the appearance in the field of ovarian tumor masses. Previously developed dropsy (ascites). In the later stages of the disease in the pelvic area during palpation a tumor-like ovarian formations in the form of lumpy strands. These formations are inactive, soldered in a separate conglomerate.

Patients complain of constant dull pain in region of ovaries, weakness, weight loss, lack of appetite, constant weakness, dyspepsia (diarrhea, constipation, nausea), menstrual disorders. Diagnosis of ovarian cancer in the initial stages are always difficult because of the paucity of symptoms, the diagnosis is based on patient complaints (dull pain in the lumbar region, the abdomen, in the course of the ovary, abdominal enlargement, menstrual disorders, etc.) and methods of clinical evaluation.

If you suspect ovarian cancer, you need to spend zitostaticescoe study of ascitic fluid to make the roentgenogram of organs of a gastrointestinal tract, to constantly monitor the blood tests. Treatment of ovarian cancer can be surgical (removal of the uterus with appendages) and chemotherapy. Chemotherapy is carried out before the surgery and after it. At the 4th stage of the disease being symptomatic therapy.

Breast cancer.

Is one of the first places among malignant neoplasms in women. Of the risk factors are age (especially at first birth), ovarian dysfunction, previous benign breast diseases and family history.

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